Donald M. Nicol. The last centuries of Byzantium, 1261–1453 (1999)

Donald M. Nicol. The last centuries of Byzantium, 1261–1453 (1999) pdf


Donald M. Nicol. The last centuries of Byzantium, 1261–1453. 2nd edition reprint. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1999, XX+463 p. ISBN 0521433843, ISBN 0521439914

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The Byzantine empire in the last two centuries of its existence had to rebuild itself after its conquest and dismemberment by the Fourth Crusade in 1204. Its emperors in exile recovered Constantinople in 1261 and this book narrates their empire’s struggles for survival from that date until its final conquest by Ottoman Turks in 1453. First published in 1972, the book has been completely revised to take account of recent scholarship. It remains the best synthesis of the political, ecclesiastical and historical events of the period.