John Breuilly. Austria, Prussia and the Making of Germany, 1806-1871 (2014)

John Breuilly. Austria, Prussia and the Making of Germany, 1806-1871 (2014)
Title:Austria, Prussia and the Making of Germany: 1806-1871. 2nd edition
Author:John Breuilly
Translator:
Editor:
Language:English
Series:Series: Seminar Studies in History
Place:New York
Publisher:Routledge
Year:2014
Pages:232
ISBN:9781408272763
File:PDF, 3.3 MB
Download:Click here

Description:
It is often argued that the unification of Germany in 1871 was the inevitable result of the convergence of Prussian power and German nationalism. John Breuilly here shows that the true story was much more complex. For most of the nineteenth century Austria was the dominant power in the region. Prussian-led unification was highly unlikely up until the 1860s and even then was only possible because of the many other changes happening in Germany, Europe and the wider world.

Table of contents :
Half Title
Title Page
Copyright Page
Table of Contents
Publisher’s acknowledgements
Author’s acknowledgements
Chronology
Who’s who
Glossary
Maps
PART ONE ANALYSIS
1 INTRODUCTION
The Setting
The Background
Historiography
Plan of the Book
2 FROM DEFEAT TO TRIUMPH, 1806–1815
Europe
Germany
Austria and Prussia
The Settlement of 1815
Concluding Remarks
3 COOPERATIVE DOMINATION, 1815–1848
Introductory Comments
Europe
Germany
Austro-Prussia Relations
Concluding Remarks
4 AUSTRIA AND PRUSSIA LOSE CONTROL, 1848–1849
Introductory Comments
What was the National Question in 1848?
The Nation and the German People
National Authority versus State Authority
Austria or Prussia?
5 COUNTER-REVOLUTION, COOPERATION AND CONFLICT, 1849–1858
Introductory Comments
Europe
Germany
Austro-Prussian Relations
6 FROM COOPERATION TO WAR, 1858–1866
Europe
Germany
Developments within Austria and Prussia, 1858–1863
The Struggle for Supremacy in Germany, 1864–1866
7 THE DEFINITIVE EXCLUSION OF AUSTRIA FROM GERMANY, 1867–1871
8 COMPARING AUSTRIA AND PRUSSIA
Introductory Comments
The Resources of a State
The Capacities of the State
Statistical Comparisons between Austria and Prussia
Concluding Remarks
9 CONCLUSION
PART TWO DOCUMENTS
1 End of Empire and Formation of Rheinbund
2 Peace of Tilsit between France and Prussia, 9 July 1807
3 ‘A Good Revolution’: Hardenberg’s Riga Memorandum
4 Peace of Schönbrunn between France and Austria, 14 October 1809
5 Stein to Count Münster, 1 December 1812
6 Convention of Tauroggen, 30 December 1812
7 Ernst Moritz Arndt: ‘To the Prussians!’, January 1813
8 Prussian Introduction of Universal Conscription
9 Frederick William III: ‘An Mein Volk’, 17 March 1813
10 Kalisch Declaration of March 1813
11 Metternich’s Interview with Napoleon, Dresden, 16 June 1813
12 Military Forces at the Battle of Leipzig, October 1813
13 Frederick William III Promises a Constitution, 22 May 1815
14 German Confederal Act, 8 June 1815
15 Vienna Final Act, 15 May 1820
16 Petition for a Single Customs System, April 1819
17 Customs Union Agreement between Prussia and the Grand Duchy of Hesse, February 1828
18 Memorandum of Prussian Finance Minister Friedrich von Motz, 1829
19 Metternich’s Reaction to Prussian Customs Union Policy, June 1831
20 Prussia Extends Its Influence through Customs Agreements, November 1831
21 Paul Pfizer: On the Aims and Tasks of German Liberalism, Tübingen, 1832
22 Metternich’s Response to the Hambach Festival, June 1832
23 Austria and Prussia Agree on Repressive Measures in Germany, August 1833
24 Assessment of Forward Prussian Policy in Germany, June 1836
25 Responses to the Crisis with France, November 1840
26 Popular Song from the Rhine Crisis of 1840
27 Austrian Fear of Rising Prussian Influence in Germany
28 Radowitz’s Memorandum on Measures to be Taken by the German Confederation, November 1847
29 Offenburg Programme of South-West German Democrats, 10 September 1847
30 Heppenheimer Programme of the South-West German Liberals, 10 October 1847
31 Typical Example of Demands at the Outset of Revolution
32 Blum and Jordan Expressing Different Views on the Posen Issue
33 Creation of a Provisional German Authority
34 Declaration by Heinrich von Gagern, 18 December 1848
35 Reply by the Austrian Prime Minister, Prince Schwarzenberg, 28 December 1848
36 Prussian Circular to Its Envoys at the Seats of the German Governments, 23 January 1849
37 Despatch from Schwarzenberg to Schmerling at the Reich Authority, 4 February 1849
38 Extracts from the Imperial Constitution of March 1849
39 Austrian Proposal Concerning the Reich Government, 8 March 1849
40 Final Prussian Rejection of the Imperial Constitution, 28 April 1849
41 Erfurt Constitution, 28 May 1849
42 Agreement between Bavaria, Saxony and Württemberg on the Main Principles for a Revision of the Confederal Constitution, 27 February 1850
43 Olmütz Agreement between Austria and Prussia, 29 November 1850
44 Bismarck’s Speech to the Prussian Landtag on the Olmütz Agreement, 3 December 1850
45 Austrian Idea of a Central European Customs Union, June 1850
46 Prussian Hostility to Austria’s Customs Union Plan
47 Bismarck Considers Austro-Prussian Relations, 1856
48 Austrian Fears of a Prussian Alliance with Liberal Nationalism, October 1859
49 For or Against Austria? Policy Disputes in Berlin, March 1860
50 Beust’s Memorandum on Federal Reform, 15 October 1861
51 Frankfurt Reform Act, 1 September 1863
52 Response of the Prussian Government to the Frankfurt Reform Act, 15 September 1863
53 Resolution of Nationalverein on the Frankfurt Reform Act, 16 October 1863
54 Resolution of Reform Verein on Frankfurt Reform Acts, 28 October 1863
55 Report of Rechberg to Franz Joseph, May 1864
56 Bismarck to Werther (Vienna), 6 August 1864
57 Gastein Convention between Austria and Prussia, 14 August 1865
58 Austrian Manifesto of War, Emperor Franz Joseph, 17 June 1866
59 Prussian Manifesto of War, King William, 18 June 1866
60 Preliminary Peace of Nikolsburg, 26 July 1866
61 King William Addresses the Legislature in Berlin after the Victory Over Austria, 5 August 1866
GUIDE TO FURTHER READING
BIBLIOGRAPHY
INDEX

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